The following is a complete list of RRI publications.
For questions regarding a specific publication, email us at email@example.com.
Who Owns the Land in Africa? Formal recognition of community-based land rights in Sub-Suharan Africa
October 6, 2015
This brief summarizes findings on community ownership and control of lands in 19 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. These countries were included in RRI’s global baseline of formally recognized indigenous and community land rights.
Who Owns the World's Land? A global baseline of formally recognized indigenous and community land rights
September 29, 2015
In recent years, there has been growing attention and effort towards securing the formal, legal recognition of land rights for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Communities and Indigenous Peoples are estimated to hold as much as 65 percent of the world’s land area under customary systems, yet many governments formally recognize their rights to only a fraction of those lands. This gap—between what is held by communities and what is recognized by governments—is a major driver of conflict, disrupted investments, environmental degradation, climate change, and cultural extinction. This report seeks to contribute to this field as the first analysis to quantify the amount of land formally recognized by national governments as owned or controlled by Indigenous Peoples and local communities around the world.
August 19, 2015
This guide has been produced by the Interlaken Group, with steering support from RRI. It provides support to companies aiming to align their operations with the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT).
Fourth International Workshop: Recommendations for the governments of Latin America and international organizations
August 18, 2015
This document contains the recommendations formulated at the International Workshop held in Bogotá, Colombia, on 12 and 13 August 2015. This event highlighted and defined the importance of individual and collective rights of indigenous, Afro-descendant, and peasant women. Participants from Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, the United States, Brazil, Peru, Colombia, and India attended the workshop.
July 21, 2015
The implementation of Community Forest (CF) rights and Community Forest Resource (CFR) rights under the Forest Rights Act 2006 (FRA) can transform forest governance and rural livelihoods in India.
The recognition of CF/CFR Rights under the FRA provides the Indian state with a historic opportunity to implement the largest land reform ever in India. Through the FRA, at least 150 million forest dwelling people have gained the opportunity to have their rights recognized over a minimum of 40 million hectares (mha) of forest land that they have been managing, using, and interacting with in more than 170,000 villages.
June 1, 2015
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is an international initiative to mitigate climate change in the forest sector. It is intended to incentivize developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as promote sustainable management of forests, and conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
REDD+ has significant implications for land and resource rights, and raises particular concerns for women. These concerns arise from discrimination that women already face in resource management processes, largely due to unclear, unsecure and unequal tenure rights. Women represent a large percentage of the world’s poor, and they are often directly dependent on natural resources. As a result, there are significant risks that REDD+ could exacerbate existing inequalities for women if it fails to respect women’s tenure rights.
June 1, 2015
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is a voluntary international initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to promote conservation and sustainable management of forests. It has significant implications for tenure rights, including for women. Although women use forests to support their own as well as their families’ livelihoods, they are frequently overlooked as key stakeholders. Women often face discrimination in resource management processes, largely through unequal, insecure, or unclear tenure rights. Hence, there is a significant risk that the implementation of REDD+ could exacerbate existing inequalities for women. Securing women’s tenure rights is fundamental, as tenure rights provide recognized rights-holders with the ability to be involved in and to benefit from the design and implementation of REDD+ activities.
Protected Areas and the Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities: Current Issues and Future Agenda
April 30, 2015
The relationship between protected areas and community land rights is important for both human rights and biodiversity conservation at a global scale. It is important for human rights because land and natural resources are fundamental to the existence, livelihoods, cultural heritage, identity, and future opportunities of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Customary rights to land and resources, particularly for Indigenous Peoples, are clearly recognized in international human rights law. It is important for biodiversity conservation because of the tremendous contributions that Indigenous Peoples and local communities have made historically and continue to make as stewards of the Earth’s ecosystems and species. Secure rights to land and resources enable people to exercise their traditional knowledge and management systems, defend against external threats, and govern their lands to meet the long-term needs of current and future generations.
The Growing Threats to India's Financial System: Easy Access and Clearances of Land and Natural Resources
April 27, 2015
Over the past three years, the Indian media and corporate circles have focused on delays in land acquisitions and environmental clearances as a key source of India’s economic woes. Investors and rating agencies have warned that investors are increasingly being driven away by unpredictable losses caused by these regulations.
Land Rights Indicators in the Post-2015 SDGs: Recommendations for Inter-Agency Expert Group & Other Policymakers
March 13, 2015
As member states move towards the next inter-governmental negotiations, we propose two indicators that we believe are fundamental to achieving ‘the future we want’. We confirm that these indicators are meaningful, universal, and feasible, and that they capture fundamental realities affecting key stakeholders at the heart of the SDGs.
February 23, 2015
Today, Brazil is poised to reverse the considerable gains made between 1988 and 2008 in the land rights of Indigenous Peoples and other traditional communities. Such a reversal would have disastrous consequences for such communities in Brazil and elsewhere, and also for the globally important Amazonian forests. This paper looks at the historical development of land rights in Brazil and explains why Brazil is now at a critical turning point.
Read this report in Portuguese here.
Read this report in Spanish here.
Industrial Oil Palm Development: Liberia’s Path to Sustained Economic Development and Shared Prosperity? Lessons from the East
February 3, 2015
The purpose of this paper is to contribute to Liberia’s debate on economic policy, specifically, recent efforts around industrial-scale palm oil development against the context of the wider role of the rural sector in economic development.
January 29, 2015
RRI’s annual review of the global state of rights and resources